财新传媒
位置:博客 > 冯毅 > 人类从自然进化走向科学进化

人类从自然进化走向科学进化

Mankind From Natural Evolution to Scientific Evolution
 
(English translation follows)
 
前言
 
现代科技一步也离不开大数据及计算机,它们是人类发明和智慧发展所自然形成的最高结晶,因此也是生命智慧的自然演化过程和最高形式。从生命的诞生到高度智慧的人,虽然在宇宙中只是一瞬间,但在生命演化的历程中却经过了40 亿年的艰辛努力。这演化已发展到摆脱纯粹自然进化过程发展到科技进化阶段。在母体经常生活需要的诱发下,在下一代基因中所偶然产生的正确变异发展到科学技术有意识的找寻正确的变革,尽管今后的道路仍旧是艰苦的。但基因突变不仅等候的时间相对漫长,还要正确的突变,不正确的突变就是病变,不仅无效还可能诱发致命的病变。人类不能这样依靠自然偶发的突变带来的进化。智慧使人类从自己的生活生产到身体结构改善的需要中发展数据化电脑化的进化。人们根据需要而做出的科学研发即变革,不仅改善着人们使用的工具,而且改造着人体本身。这必大大地加快了进化的历程。数据电脑不仅是人类的科技的进步,而且必然参加到人的自然演化过程中,因此必形成人类进化的一部分。人类智慧可以干预和参与人类即生命自然演化的过程。
 
地球上的人类是宇宙中目前为止生命是最高级的演化结果,数据电脑又是人类智慧的最高结晶。因此我们有理由把迄今为止人类的大数据和电脑的发明看做是宇宙自然界中的最高演进。人类今后的进化也必然和数据电脑相结合。就是说我们应利用自然进化为我们提供的基本模样,五官和手脚,但我们必然向数据电脑化的方向演进和发展。今后人类在宇宙中可能会发现比人类更智慧更先进的文明, 但外星人基本不会对我们有任何敌意,因为他们根本不需要我们的低级能源和财富,既然他们能从遥远的星球来我们这里,就说明他们的科学水平比我们高的多,社会结构也会合理的多,没有物种之间的基本矛盾,因为他们从宇宙中可获得无尽的高等能源和财富,我们不能用我们落后的个人财富的私人占有的心理,去衡量一个高度发达社会的心理。只不过开始接触时,他们会采取谨慎的态度,怕我们伤害他们。宇宙文明等级的划分也在于生命的智慧,而不在于使用什么样的宇宙能源。但其科学的最高表现也大致不会脱离电脑和数据化的范围。英国的巨石阵和南美复活节島上的巨人石像不会是外星来人所制造,因为外星人如能从遥远的星球来到我们地球所具有的科技水平,不会造出这样粗糙的东西,长年的风化也会有高科技产品的残留。
 
人类脆弱的身体和相对短暂的寿命,在面对浩瀚而条件恶劣的宇宙,使人类现在几乎做不了什么,除了观察。但人代表生命的最高演进,具有彻底摆脱动物界的智慧和冲劲,而且人不能永远只活在地球的襁褓中。必须要对人类进行改造。我们不是这门科学的专家,但这并不妨碍我们利用人类科技的成果,进行这方面的合理思考,因为这思考关系到我们每一个人的重大利益。这正像我们不是音乐作家画家,但不代表我们不能欣赏和评论音乐和美术作品。
 
永生的基本考虑
 
人的大脑包含了人的记忆,思想,感情,情绪,五官的感觉,七情六欲,智商与情商等一切作为人的一切必要的主观原素。有了大脑就意味着有了这个人。身体其他部位皆为支持大脑运作的要素。人的肉体,不可能永久存活,而且相当脆弱,容忍的重力,光照,辐射,病毒、化学气体、温差等的范围非常窄。但人大脑的这一切元素却可以化作电脑的一个记忆卡的记忆而整体运作,而使人可能永久保留下来。高度发达的智慧机器人开辟了这种可能并给了我们这种想象。所以人可能永生,而且配上特殊材料制成的身体,极大的增加了容忍这些恶劣环境的范围。这些记忆,感觉和思想等等的原先脆弱的载体不用了,通过记忆卡,而换上一个强大的,能抵御宇宙中,地球上可能新产生的恶劣环境的载体,一个完善的载体。我们认为,只要具备大脑原先一切的特色和功能,就是保留了这个人,而且是长久的保留。
 
人类如靠自然进化则无论多长时间也不会摆脱人的肉体,摆脱动物界,不能大幅度提高对高温,高辐射,无氧环境等等的恶劣环境的适应性,随时面临一颗不大的流星对地球的撞击。人类早晚都会面临这些因素致命甚至毁灭性的打击。单靠保护装置是非常有限的,人的寿命也极大限度限制了人的发挥。要想人类能适应更恶劣的环境而不灭亡,人必须依靠科学技术的发展来改变自己,这就是的科学的演变。我们过去每一项发明几乎都是复制我们身体某部分或和转化成我们感官可接受的范围,少有改造我们的身体某部位,使我们的感官能直接接受,因此我们不能根本摆脱我们身体的脆弱性和局限性。脑机借口费了好大劲,但还是局部改进,没有从根本上解决问题,没有从身体及寿命的本质改进。但数据复制大脑却意在彻底改造我们的头脑和身体,加快这进化。
 
因此要研究这些记忆,思想,情绪等是怎样保存的? 怎样可以准确复制。 可以想象这些必是大脑中以一定的物质形态比如通过氨基酸,核糖核酸和蛋白质等存在的差别所形成。
 
“可上九天揽月,下可五洋捉鳖”
 
这记忆卡安装在特殊强大材料制造的身体支持设备上,他的头脑的一切功能和记忆仍旧全面保留,就是一个活生生的人。身体支持设备可以变得非常强大,足以抵御任何更恶劣的环境。不需要特殊服装的保护,能抵御宇宙细微尘埃的撞击就行,人类真正实现美丽梦想: "可上九天揽月,可下五洋捉鳖"。但它不必每人一套,可以根据个人喜好而选择肤色,衣服等。但一些基本特征要根据原有的特征而定,比如性别,身高,体重。从自然人到电脑人有一个过度,人像睡了一觉,在人工操作下,完成了从自然人转变成电脑人的转变。这才使人真正脱离了肉体的动物界。
 
在人类永生以后,身体皆是特制的灵活强大的材料所构成,所以老年的概念发生颠覆性的变化,再没有动物界肉体的劳累疾病变得衰老死亡的概念。那时睡眠可能不是一个夜晚白天这样频繁的交替,可能工作生活的时间以星期以月计,然后又以同样的时间来休息。人体可以抵御更强的重力,更强的辐射,更强的病毒和化学毒气的攻击,适应更稀薄的空气,氧气和各种气体,更大温差范围,更少的营养物,彻底改变人的脆弱性。因此可以适应更多的太阳系的行星,做更长时间的旅行。我们不要想的太远 ,到几光年或几百光年以外的星球去,因距离太远,除少数探索者经过人的改造而前往外,大多数人并没有这种迫切的需要。我们第一步要努力改造太阳的八颗卫星。哪些可以改造成为适合电脑人居住的星球,哪些不适合。要考虑到太阳膨胀又坍缩造成温度的变化。电脑人也有死亡。就是虽然电脑人对重力,高温和辐射等有更为广阔的适应范围,但也不是无限的,超出了适应范围,就是彻底毁灭。自然人一般的活动不超出地球,但可以用人造太阳等措施,适当提升自然人的生存条件;电脑人为了满足欣赏美的感觉,可以把别的行星改造成蓝天白云绿树的环境。加宽适居带的范围,要做我们更为急迫的事情。
 
理想离现实可能并不遥远
 
实现这一转变现在已不是天方夜谭,我们距离这一转变并不是遥不可及。我们不要停留在自编的宇宙来人并使这一想法停留在科幻水平,而人类自己完成这一设想。完成从自然人到电脑人(可能今后有更好的名字,这里为区别普通机器人而称为电脑人)的转变,难点在于全面而精准的复制和建立自动且灵活的运动及反应系统。但核磁共振对大脑的扫描提供了丰富宝贵的扫描经验及设备。
 
核磁共振对大脑的扫描为大脑的全面复制提供了的宝贵经验和所需设备,不过不仅要扫描大脑原子氢的共振以发现机体的变化,而且扫描大脑记忆体-肽链不同的存在方式,扫描大脑的一切记忆,包括记忆一切事物及发展,也包括情绪,思想,五官的感觉,七情六欲等的记忆,学习与推理的能力,这学习能力就是自我成长和完善的能力。像阿尔法等智慧的能下围棋的机器人 (Alpha Go)。不过阿尔法机器人不再由设计和制造出来的智能控制,而由复制的人大脑来控制,从而形成电脑人。这样电脑人在宇宙或地球可能恶劣的环境中,即保留了人类的智慧,又摆脱了动物的肉身。在宇宙中来回穿行的人不再是躲在笨重的宇宙服后面的形象,而是穿着普通轻巧的服装来回穿行的人。只要有电池带在身上,就可以活动。没电不能行动,但充了电又恢复正常,并可以远距离充电。也像许多高级游戏能主动发出各种行动指令,灵活轻巧地指挥身体各部位。这些指令大部分是受到外界细微变化的刺激而机体产生的反映。也有机体的主动的行为。不过一般不要制造一个新的电脑人,除非有特出的需要,就限制根据这特出需要制造机器人,而是要复制一个个活生生的人。主要是新的电脑人没有经过长期的道德教育,而这是必需的。一般来说,与其要给新的电脑人这样长期的学习和培养,不如选择现成的,有病情和工作需要的自然人。人在年青时选好适当的生命时机,主要考虑的是知识,道德教育和大脑最健康且最有活力时,复制好大脑,等到寿命自然或因病即将结束时启用。我们认为无论是试验或完善后使用这技术大多数人都不会拒绝。
 
我们认为这方法的提出有些过早,因为人类社会还没达到理想社会,可能被用来破坏而不是建设。但这地球随时可能发生意想不到的灾难,一个灭顶之灾,因此人类需早做准备。整个人类社会需人人的彻底平等,人们之间才不会有冲突,人们才不会有制造机器人去解决冲突的愿望。
 
要使这扫描一切记忆的结果能组织起来,变为记忆卡中的现实世界,,发出各种指令,形成一个活人的大脑所具备的一切功能。这些记忆在记忆卡中永久保存,并配合上人体的所有支持设备,就构成电脑人,使自然人转变成电脑人,能在更为恶劣的环境中生存并得到永生。
 
从自然人到电脑人的转变,恐怕第一个问题就是繁育的问题。因为人的自然生育期还是作为自然人,就自然有权生育子女,这符合人道与繁衍的客观需要。电脑人的婚姻虽然没有任何法律约束,也没有必要,但作为娱乐,只要两人合意就可进行;餐饮虽然没必要,但只要觉得是乐趣,就可进行。电脑人一般不可再随便生孩子。
 
《流浪地球》和冬眠的问题
 
《流浪地球》中讲述驾驶地球到处走,保存了地球文明,具有一定的想象力。但有没有想象过要想驾驶地球,就需在地球的一个固定面安装巨大的喷射器,地球必须停止转动才可行。这样带来的问题,一是当地球停止转动时,对地球上的万物有何影响? 二是地球的轴心必定就不会稳定。至于解决地球冰天雪地的环境比较简单,可以发射围绕地球转的人造太阳,解决寒冷问题。但人的保存,还是用睡眠方法保存整个人的肉体,是旧的思维,是不行的,保存年代比较有限,还是不能彻底解决肉身脆弱的问题。
 
睡眠的方法,还没有脱离动物界的方法,不可能长久保留人类的肉体,因为睡眠,只是减低了,不可能完全停止细胞的活动。黑熊是高等生命利用冬眠躲避相对艰苦环境的主要代表,但没有证据显示冬眠可帮助黑熊延长寿命,这说明了我们研究和利用冬眠的方法要想达到永生的目的是根本错误的方向,何况这不能改进人体的任何脆弱性。
 
社会应具备的基本道德
 
现实社会,任何一种建设性意见都既可以拿来为人类服务,又可能拿来作为反人道的武器。人的道德规范在高度文明的社会非常重要,但基本就是一条:即《美国独立宣言》所述:“我们认为这些真理是不言而喻的:人人生而平等,造物者赋予他们若干不可剥夺的权利,其中包括生命权、自由权和追求幸福的权利。”即生命权的平等,自由权的平等,幸福权的平等。但这平等不仅是指人们之间在政治权力,和工作机会的平等,而且是财产分配权力的平等。财富分配权力的最终平等才能最终带来政治权力的真正平等。在高度发达的社会,在生产条件极大改善的情况下,没有私人对发展经济的任何刺激和鼓励的需要,也不再存在人们偷懒的行为。
 
那时个人经营生产也只是作为乐趣的自由而存在,决不是也不能是作为社会发展经济的需要,因为那是整个社会的责任,只是个人的额外负担;财富的私有也不再具有任何社会的积极意义,而仅是人们自由的一种表现。有些人自己仍愿意个人主导经营生产,这应允许,但须是为整个社会工作,不再成为个人生活的需要,或比别人多赚钱的手段,即为个人的利润而工作,因为那会造成人们之间的不平等,而且个人怎样努力,也不如整个社会的力量。最终建立政治经济的彻底平等的观念,须上升为人们的自觉的基本道德,这样才会根本消除人们之间的冲突,就不会有复制电脑人来解决人们之间的冲突的愿望。这里,政府要制定法律,加以限制和管理。这平等的诉求是人类任何理想且高尚的社会形态最终的唯一最主要的具体表现和要求。
 
独立宣言讲述的自由应既包括个人或私人经营生产的自由,也包括人们自觉自愿结成联盟,团队合作,团结起来以国家名义经营生产的自由。这才是全面的自由。马恩100来年后在《共产党宣言》中讲的联合体也是这个意思。综合两个宣言的意思,私有制的社会积极意义将消失,代之以自由人的联合体。打压任何一种经营方式,都反映了打压者的专断和限制自由的动机。因为这与两个宣言的自由理念格格不入。每个人都想发财,但一些人发现,要使多数人成功和避免失败,就要联合起来,团结起来发展生产。正像人的机体,如每个细胞各干各的,这人连活都活不了。在一定的条件下,所有细胞只有联合起来,协调工作,人才能活,活的强大。所以走联合的道路,是使国家强大的必然道路。不能为了自己强大而损害别国的利益。因在应付对方的反抗时,而必然损耗自己。当然自由就意味着不能一种经济制度打压另一种经济制度,要两种经济共同发展,在发展中比高低。除了道德的考量,只有懦夫,才惧怕对方的力量。
 
人类的联盟和团队合作,决不是异端邪说。早在人类的原始社会原始人类在相当长的时间就是依靠集体的力量战胜体力上比自己强大的多的猛兽。私有制因为将生产规模相对碎片化因而丧失生产规模效益和坚持人们之间的不平等而逐步落伍,社会的发展现在又一次将这种集体努力和的发展形式提出来。这是自由社会自由人的自由表达。人们一开始不相信这种集体努力的形式可以理解,但不要反对这种形式的自由选择和自由发展。企图反对这种形式决不是自由的愿望和努力。数据化将决定人类自然演化和发展。这些要根据人道,精准,科学的原则设置一套管理计划。
 
结束语
 
科学不像有些人说的那么复杂与那么难以琢磨。科学就是对一切事情与规律符合它们原貌的描述与掌握。这包括一切客观事物,也包括无规律的活动和存在方式,包括神学,宗教及主观意识的活动。可以有任何想象,但那还不是被证实的科学,我们须分清科学与想象。
 
总之,经过改造的人,可能无限地延长人的寿命,使人得到永生,并能极大地增加容忍各种物理量,极大加宽我们的适居带,可能选住和改造某些太阳的卫星。我们认为这是当代可见未来的研究方向。人类必将从自然演化走向科学演化,在科学演化中实现永生。
 
Mankind From Natural Evolution to Scientific Evolution
 
(Nov version)
 
Foreword
 
Modern science and technology cannot be separated from data and computers, which are the greatest crystallization of human invention and intelligent development, and therefore are the natural evolution of life wisdom and the highest forms. From the birth of life to the highly intelligent mankind. Although only a moment in the universe, life has gone through 4 billion years of hard efforts in the course of the evolution. This evolution has gone through from purely natural evolution to the stage of scientific and technological evolution. Induced by the constant needs in the mother's life, the occasional but correct mutation in the gene of the next generation has evolved into intentionally changes of science and technology despite the road that ahead is still arduous. But not only the genetic mutations is waiting long time, but also the mutation must be correct one. The incorrect mutation is lesions, not only ineffective but also may induce fatal lesions. Humans cannot such rely on the occasional natural genetic mutation which bringing about evolution. And human’s wisdom enables mankind to develop computerized evolution from their production, lives till body structures. Human makes scientific changes according to the needs that not only improves the tools people use, but also transforms the human body itself. This will certainly accelerate the great evolution in course. Data and computers are not only the progress of human science and technology but must also participate the natural evolution of human beings, so they must form a part of human evolution. Human intelligence can intervene and participate in the process of the natural evolution of human beings i.e. lives.
 
Humans on Earth are by far the most advanced evolution of life in the universe, and data and computers are the highest crystallization of human intelligence. So we think the main performances of their sciences that these possibly more advanced civilization has is also largely within the scope of computers and data. Even though in future, man may find more advanced civilizations in the universe than humans, we have reason to think human’s inventions of data and computers are the highest evolution in the natural world of the universe. The future evolution of mankind is bound to be combined with data and computers. That is to say, we should use the basic appearance, the five sense organs, hands and feet that natural evolution has provided us with, but we must evolve and develop in the direction of data and computerization. But aliens basically do not have any hostility to us, because they basically do not need our low-level energy and wealth, since they can come to us from distant planets, it means that their scientific level is much higher than ours, the social structure will be much more reasonable, there is no basic contradiction between species, because they can obtain endless high energy and wealth from the universe. We can not use the psychology of private ownership of our wealth to measure the psychology of a highly developed society. It's just that when they start to make contact, they would take a cautious approach for fear that we'll hurt them. And the classes of civilizations in the universe should be divided by the wisdom of life, not by what kind of cosmic energy is used. The stonehenge in Britain and the giant stone statues on Easter Sunday in South America will not be made by extraterrestrials, because aliens who have such science that is used and made them come to our Earth from distant planets would not produce such rough things, and years of weathering will have the residue of high-tech products.
 
Human with fragile body and short life span has been living under the strict conditions and is almost impossible to do anything in face of the vast and harsh universe except observation. But to represent the highest evolution of life, man has the wisdom and drive to get rid of the animal world completely. And what’s more, man cannot live forever in the earth swaddling clothes. Humans must be reformed. We are not experts in this science, but that does not prevent us from using the fruits of human science and technology to think rationally about it, because it is in the vital interest of each of us. It's like we're not music writers and painters, but that doesn't mean we can't appreciate and comment on music and art.
 
The basic consideration of eternal life
 
The human's brains contain people's all necessary subjective elements such as memories, thoughts, feelings of the five organs, the seven emotions and six desires, IQ and EQ so on. There is a brain, there is such person. Other parts of the body are essential to support the functioning of the brain. The human’s fleshy body cannot exist forever and is quite fragile and tolerates a very narrow range of gravity, light, radiation, virus, chemical gases, temperature difference, etc. But human brains can be turned into the memories in computer memory cards and operate and stored as whole forever. Highly developed intelligent robots have opened up such the possibility and imagination of this transformation, so humans may remain to survive for forever, because they can be permanently preserved. And with supported body which is made up with special materials, men can greatly increase this range to tolerate these harsh environments. These original fragile carrier of the memories, feelings and thoughts, etc. will no longer be used, instead, through memory cards, will be replaced with the new and perfect carrier, a much stronger body that can resist much more harsher environments of the universe and the Earth. We believe that as long as all the original characteristics and functions of brain such as the memories have retained that means this person is retained, a long-term retained. From natural person to computer person, there is a transit period. Like a man has a sleep, then the transition from natural person to computer person is completed with help from specialists.
 
If human beings rely on natural evolution then no matter how long to evolve men will not get rid of the human fleshy body, will not get rid of the animal world, and cannot survive from the environments of high temperatures, high radiations, oxygen-free and so on the harsh conditions, meteor impacts on the Earth at any time, sooner or later men will face these fatal or even devastating blow. The protections from devices alone are very limited, and human life span is extremely limited. If human beings want to survive in these harsher environment and avoid perish, people must rely on the development of science and technology to reshape ourselves, which is the scientific evolution. Almost every invention we have made in the past has copied and enhanced a functions of our bodies, most of which have been either replicated or changed to that we can accept by our present sense organs, with little direct reformation of our body to enhance its functions to make it accept harsh conditions and simply get rid of the vulnerabilities and limitations of our bodies. Brain-computer interface (BCI) are being to take a lot of efforts to develop, but still partially improving the brain and bodies, failed to fundamentally solve the problem, did not improve them from the nature. But the data-replicating brain is intended to revolutionized our brain and bodies to accelerate this evolution.
 
So we need studies about how are these memories, thoughts, emotions, etc. preserved? How to copy accurately. It is conceivable that these must be certain differences in the forms and existences in the brain structure, such as through amino acids, RNA and proteins. By doing so, we can completely reform the whole mankind.
 
To realized this reformation of humans is not like a dream, meaning entirely unlikely, and we think we are not that far away from it. Let's not just stop at the self-made creatures from the universe or keep it at scientific fiction. Humans themselves will realize this dream. The difficult points in completing the transition from a natural person to a computer person (perhaps there will be a better name in the future, here we use computer man to distinguish the ordinary robots) which must require to replicate precisely and build automatic and flexible action and reaction systems. But MRI provides valuable scanning experiences and equipment regarding to brains
 
Human "can go up to the ninth heaven to pick up the moon, can go down to the five oceans to catch turtles"
 
This memory card is installed on a body as support device, everything in the brain remains completely preserved, and this surely means this person is living. Body support devices can become very strong, which is enough to withstand harsher environments. Not need the protection of special clothing, human beings can truly realize the beautiful dream: Mankind "can go up to the Ninth Heaven (outer space) to pick up the moon, can go down to the five oceans to catch turtles". But it doesn't have to be made one set for each person. And you can choose skin colors, clothes, etc. according to your personal preferences. But some basic characteristics depend on the original characteristics, such as face (except for special requirements), gender, height, weight. Only then we can say human beings are truly separated from the animals of the fleshy body.
 
After human becomes eternal, the bodies are made of specially designed flexible and powerful materials, so the concept of old age has completely changed, and no tiredness and diseases fleshy bodies of animals have and make animals inevitably become aged and die. At that time, sleep may not take place by day and night that is so frequently alternating each others. Man may work and live for weeks or months, and then rest for the same period of time. And when using memory tablets to make the brain, using artificial special materials to do the body, the computer men can resist stronger gravity, stronger radiation, attacks by stronger virus and chemical gases, thinner air and oxygen and all other kind of gases, a larger range of temperature differences, less foods and waters, complete change of human vulnerability. Therefore mankind can suit to more planets in the solar system. Human should not want longer trips and go to a planet a few light-years away because the distance is too long for the men. Except a few explorers undergoing transformed, most people do not have this urgent need. Our first step should focus on transformation of the sun's eight planets. We need consider which planet can be transformed into one suitable to lives for computer-men and which are not, considering the temperature change caused by the expansion and collapse of the sun. Computer people also have death. Although computer people have a broader range of adaptation to gravity, high temperature and radiation so on, but it is not infinite. Beyond the scope of adaptation, computer men are totally destructed. The general activities of natural persons generally limit themselves to the scope of the Earth, but can use artificial sun and other measures to appropriately enhance the natural person's survival conditions. In order to meet the feeling of appreciation of beauty, computer people can transform other planets with blue sky, white clouds and green trees. Do what we can in near future.
 
It may not be far from this dream
 
MRI scans the brain and provide valuable experiences and necessary equipment for the full replication of the brain, but medical works should not only scan to detect changes in the organs through the resonance of the brain's atomic hydrogen, but also to scan all the brain's memories such as peptide chains existing in different ways and colors, scanning the brain’s all memories, including all memories of past things and developments, including emotions, thoughts, feelings of the five organs, seven affections and six desires etc., including the abilities to learn and reasoning,. This ability to learn is self growth and perfect. Like the intelligent robots Alpha that can play Weiqi (Go). Alpha robots are no longer controlled by intelligent made by design and manufacture, but by the replicated human’s brains, thus forming computer humans. In this way, we can retain the human’s wisdom, and completely get rid of the animal's flesh bodies in the harsher environments of universe or the earth. The person walking back and forth in the universe is no longer the image of hiding behind heavy cosmic suits, but the persons in universe are in ordinary light clothing as long as there is a battery with the computer human. You can be active, but do not work without electricity, but once charged you will returns to normal and can be charged over long distances. They are also like many figures in advanced games which can actively issue different instructions of actions and reactions, which are flexible and light to commands all parts of the body. Most of the instructions are trigger by subtle changes from the outside world and are reflected by the body,some of them are the organ’s behaviors itself. But instead of making a new computer person (unless the special needs, but limiting to manufacture of robots according these special requirements), copy a persons who really live. Mainly because new robots do not have a long-term moral educations, which is absolutely necessary. Generally speaking, it is better to reform natural ready-made persons and those in needs due to ill conditions and works rather than give new computer people such opportunities of long-term learning and training. When people choose the right time of life at a younger time with the main considerations of knowledge and moral education and the brain’s health and most dynamic, make a copy the brain until the time when life is about to end owning to natural reasons or the diseases. We don't think most people will refuse to use this technology, either for experiment or perfection.
 
In order to preserve permanently all the results of this memory scan, we need organize these results as the real world in memory cards, These memories in memory cards and together with all the supporting equipment of the human bodies, form computer humans, transforming natural persons into computer humans who can survive and live forever in harsher universe environments.
 
The first problem the computer men meet is the reproduction. Because the natural reproduction period of Human is still natural persons, therefor naturally they have right to have children, which is in line with the objective needs of humanity and reproduction. Computer man's marriage and post-marital life, though without any legal constraints, is also not necessary, but as an entertainment, as long as two people are willing, they can carry out; Computer people generally can no longer have children as will. Eating and drinking is generally not necessary, however if computer men feel pleasant, they can do it.
 
The problems of "Wandering Earth" and hibernation
 
Like《Wandering the earth》, driving the Earth around, preserving the earth civilization, there is a certain imagination. But do you ever imagine that to drive the Earth, you should install a giant jets on one fixed side of the Earth, and the Earth would have to stop turning to make it possible. The question that would brings is, first, how does everything on the Earth is affected when the Earth stops turning? Second, the earth's axis must not be stable. As for solving the problem of ice and snow environment in the Earth, it is relatively simple. Men can launch artificial suns around the Earth. But the preservation of people by using of sleep methods to preserve the whole human fleshy body, this is the old thinking, is not too possible, the preservation age is limited, and what's more that can not strengthen the man’s fragile bodies at all.
 
The method of sleep, which does not yet get out of the way the animal world uses, therefore cannot preserve the human body for long, because sleep, just reduced, cannot completely stop cell activity. We didn't find that hibernation of black bears helped them extend their lifespan in any way. Black bears mainly representative highest life evolution using hibernation to avoid relatively difficult environments, and it cannot prolong their lifespans, indicating that our research and use of hibernating methods in order to achieve eternal life is in fundamentally wrong direction, and cannot improve the human body's vulnerability in any way.
 
The basic ethic the society ought to have
 
We think this approach is premature, because human society has not yet reached its ideal society and may be used to negative rather than positive. But the Earth can have an unexpected disaster at any time, a sweeping disaster, so mankind needs to prepare early.
 
In a real society, any constructive opinion can be used to serve humanity, or it can be used as an anti-human weapons. Human ethics is very important in a highly civilized society, but this ethic has only one basic requirement. That is: as the Declaration of Independence of the United States says: "We believe that these truths speak for themselves: all men are created equal, and the Creator gives them a number of inalienable rights, including the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." That is equal right to life, equal right to freedom, equal right to happiness. But this equality does not only refer to the equality of political powers and job opportunities among people, but also the equal powers in the distribution of wealth. The ultimate equal power in wealth distribution can finally bring about the true equality of political power. In highly developed societies, where production conditions have improved considerably, there is neither need for any private owners that give stimulus and encouragement to develop the economy, nor any act of laziness. Facing poor people, you own large wealth, you should feel ashamed, it’s broken the basic ethics that all of people should be completely equal. What’s more, the whole human society needs to build the consciousness of complete equality among the people.
 
At that time, individual management and production was only the freedom to be fun, but by no means as a need for society to develop economy, because it is the responsibility of the whole society, but an additional burden on the individuals; Some people themselves are still willing to take the lead in production, which should be allowed, but work only for the whole society, and no longer become a need for personal life, or means to make more money than others, i.e. to work for the profits of individuals. Because that will create inequality among people, and more, how individuals work, is not as powerful as the whole society. The idea of achieving complete equality in the political and economic sides must rise to people's consciousness and basic morality, so as to eliminate the conflict between people at all, and so there will be no desire to solve the conflicts between people by making the new computer men. Here, the governments have to make laws that are restricted and managed these things. This demand for complete equality is the only most important concrete embody and requirement for any ideal and noble society of mankind.
 
The freedoms referred in the Declaration should include the freedom of individual or private productions, as well as the freedom of people to form voluntary alliances,using team works, to unite to develop production in the name of the State. The same is true of the union that Marx and Engels mentioned in <the Communist Manifesto> about 100 years later. Combining the meanings of the Declarations and Manifesto, the social positive meaning of private ownership will disappear and be substituted for a free man's union. Only this can be called as full and true freedom. The crackdown on any system of business reflects the arbitrariness and the motivation to restrict freedom of crack downers. Because it is incompatible with the spirit of the freedom mentioned in the Declaration of Independence and the Manifesto. Everyone wants to get rich, but some people find that for the majority to success and to avoid failures, it is necessary to unite and coordinate to produce. Just like the human body, if each cell does its own jobs, this person can't even live, all cells unite and coordinate their jobs, this person can live and be strong. So to follow the road of union is the inevitable way to make the country strong. The interests of other countries must not be harmed for the sake of their own greatness otherwise it’s the robber logic. Because in dealing with the resistances of the count parties, inevitably wear out their own strength. Of course, freedom by no means refer to that one economic system try to crackdown the another. The both commonly develop the economies in the fair play, to compete and compare who win who lose, Except for moral consideration, only cowards are afraid of others’ strength. it’s the only way that should be. The governments should make laws that are restricted and managed these things.
 
The alliance of mankind and team works are by no means heresy or heterodoxy. As early as the primitive human society, primitive human beings in a considerable period of time relied on collective strength and team works to overcome the many much more powerful and stronger beasts. Private ownership has gradually fallen behind by its relative fragment of the scale of production therefore loss of production scale effectiveness and persisting in inequalities between people, and the development of society is now once again presenting this form of collective effort to develop the productions. This is the free expression of free people in a free society. It is understandable at beginning that collectivism is not believed, but it should not object against such a form of free choice and free development. Doing so is by no means a desire, action and an effort of freedom. Data will determine the natural evolution and development of mankind. These should be based on the principles of humanity, precision, science to set up a management plan.
 
Conclusion
 
Science should not be defined as so complex and as difficult to understand as some people said. science is the description and mastery of everything and its laws in accordance with their original appearance. This includes all objective things and also includes irregular activities and the ways of existence, includes theological, religious and subjective activities. There can be any imagination, but that's not proven science. We have to make a clear division between science and imagination.
 
In short, transformed people may extend people's lives indefinitely and so exist eternally, and also can greatly increase their tolerances for various physical quantities, greatly widen our habitable zone, and possibly select for living and transform certain solar planets. We believe that is our direction of the contemporary research for visible future. Man will certainly move from natural evolution to scientific evolution and realize eternal life in scientific evolution



推荐 3